Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that is marked by interrupted breathing, gasping for breathing and heavy snoring. During the night you are likely to experience breathing breathing, sometimes even up to 30 times in a single hour. This condition makes you feel exhausted and irritated throughout the day and affects your quality of life.
Long-term complications of sleep apnea include increasing the risk of diabetes, memory problems, sexual dysfunction, stroke and heart disease. If you experience the symptoms listed above, you are likely to suffer from sleep disorder, commonly known as obstructive sleep apnea.
Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when soft tissues on the back of the throat relax and block the airways, causing you to sneak high. Snoring, however, is not a sign that you are suffering from sleep apnea. It should be accompanied by other symptoms: difficulty concentrating, waking up with a dry throat, restless sleep, insomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness, irritability and depression. Lack of energy and fatigue are the most significant symptoms of sleep apnea.
Medical treatments - Diagnosis of sleep apnea can be worrying for you; However, it is a treatable condition. At the moment you suspect you may suffer from this disease, see your doctor for proper diagnosis. The following are the most common medical procedures for obstructive sleep apnea.
Positive Airway Pressure - Positive airway devices are the most common treatment for mild and severe forms of apnea. They are used with a number of masks, which you wear well over your mouth and nose when you sleep. They allow compressed air to flow through the throat and prevent your airway from collapsing. The compressed air is delivered through a pipe attached to the device. Here are several options available to you.
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) - This method is considered to be "gold standard" for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea. This means wearing a mask-like device that will cover your mouth and nose. This mechanism increases airflow, keeping your air waves open while you sleep. CPAP has previously been found to be unpleasant by the patients; However, it has been upgraded and is now quieter, easier and user-friendly.
Consider this treatment option as it can give you immediate relief from symptoms and promote your general well-being. Its consistent use has written positive results.
Although CPAP is the most common sleep apnea treatment device, there are others that are less intrusive and are also used to treat milder forms of sleep apnea. These are the Adaptive Servo-Ventilation Device, the Expiratory Positive Airway Pressure (EPAP) and the BiLevel Positive Airway Pressure (BPAP).
Adaptive Servo-Ventilation Device - This unit is for the treatment of central sleep apnea and obstructive sleep apnea. It stores information about your regular breathing and applies spontaneous airway pressure to prevent breathing while you sleep.
Expiratory Positive Airway Pressure (EPAP) - These devices can benefit people with mild to moderate apnea. They are less intrusive than the CPAPs and only cover your nostrils. They keep the airway open.
Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BPAP) - This unit works automatically by adjusting the pressure while sleeping. It adds more air pressure while breathing in and less when breathing out. This tool may be an option for those who have trouble using CPAP. Some BPAP devices are so advanced that they send breath if they discover a breathing breath.
These fit in your mouth just like a sports mouth protection. A dentist who is trained in dental sleep medicine should fix them. They take your lower jaw and tongue forward during sleep; keeps the airway open. Mandibular recovery device and heavy maintenance device are the two common. The usual side effects include salivation, nausea, permanent change in the teeth, jaw and mouth.
Surgery should be your last option after you have exhausted all others because of the risk of being infected. This means removing excess tissue on the back of the neck and inside the nose, removing your tonsils and adenoids, as well as reconstructing your jaw to enlarge the upper respiratory tract.
As a patient, your doctor will inform you of the treatment options available to you and advise you on the best based on the diagnosis.